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Acne Scars – Formation, Types, and Non-Surgical Treatments

In Acne Scar Treatment

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Unraveling Acne Scars

Acne scars: the uninvited reminders of teenage angst and adult stress. In cities like Singapore, with its bustling social scenes and emphasis on aesthetic presentation, these scars become especially distressing. The journey from a simple pimple to a lasting scar is complex. As skin inflammation wanes and the body repairs itself, scars often take the place of once-active acne. While many resign themselves to these blemishes, advancements in dermatology provide hope. This article delves deep into the world of acne scars: their formation, the different types, and effective non-surgical treatments. 

How Acne Scars Form

Acne develops when skin pores become congested due to oil, dead cells, or bacteria. This blockage leads to inflammation, creating a battleground underneath the skin. Here, the body’s immune system fights the infection, causing redness, pain, or pus. Post-battle, the skin begins its repair. In doing so, it either generates too much collagen, creating raised scars, or too little, leading to depression. Factors like genetics, age, and overall skin health influence this repair, determining if a scar will form post-acne. Understanding this is key to effective acne scar treatment in Singapore.

Who Gets Acne Scars? 

Scarring post-acne isn’t universal. Some escape with fleeting blemishes; others are left with permanent marks. So, what delineates these two groups? Genetics is a prime factor. If your family tree showcases a history of acne scars, you’re at a higher risk. The type of acne also plays a role. Inflammatory acne, which includes painful cysts and nodules that affect deeper skin layers, often results in scars. Conversely, blackheads and whiteheads, being surface-level concerns, rarely scar. Another pivotal factor is skincare habits. Aggressively popping pimples or picking at acne can exacerbate scarring, turning transient issues into permanent ones.

What Are the Different Types of Acne Scars? 

Acne scars, like the stories they tell, are diverse. Recognising this diversity is vital for effective acne scar treatment in Singapore.

Ice Pick Scars: Imagine a sharp instrument puncturing the skin, leaving behind a tiny but deep hole. That’s the appearance of ice-pick scars. Formed due to severe collagen loss from deep-rooted acne, they’re narrow and extend deep into the skin.

Boxcar Scars: scars left by chickenpox, but more extensive. These are boxcar scars. They feature well-defined edges, unlike the steep ice pick ones, and are wider and shallower, often likened to the craters on the moon.

Rolling Scars: The gentle undulations on a dune capture the essence of rolling scars. Caused by fibrous tissue bands that pull the skin’s underlayer, they distort its surface, creating a wavy appearance.

Hypertrophic and Keloid Scars: When the skin’s healing zeal overshoots, hypertrophic and keloid scars result. They’re raised, with hypertrophic scars staying within the wound’s boundary, while keloids, bolder, stretch beyond.

Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) and Erythema: Not scars in the truest sense, these are aftermaths of acne. PIH is characterized by dark spots, and erythema by red ones.

Where Can You Seek Treatment for Acne Scars in Singapore?

Singapore, renowned for its cutting-edge medical scene, offers myriad avenues for acne scar treatments. From world-class hospitals to specialised skincare clinics, the city-state is a hub for dermatological excellence. Making a choice, however, can be overwhelming. When seeking treatment, it’s crucial to prioritise the clinic’s reputation, the expertise of its dermatologists, and the range of services offered. In today’s digital age, online reviews, testimonials, and before-and-after photos can provide valuable insights. Besides, professional associations and certifications serve as trust markers, ensuring you get the best acne scar treatment in Singapore.

How Can You Get Rid of Acne Scars in Singapore Without Surgery?

Rejuran S 

A revolutionary advancement in the field of dermatology, especially in Singapore, is Rejuran S. This treatment has garnered significant attention for its promise in treating acne scars. But what exactly is Rejuran S? At its core, Rejuran S involves injecting polynucleotides, molecules extracted from salmon DNA, directly into the scar tissue. Why salmon DNA? These specific polynucleotides possess a unique ability to stimulate the body’s regenerative processes. Once introduced into the dermal layers, they kickstart collagen production, a vital protein that restores skin elasticity and fills out depressions. 

Over time, scars begin to heal, diminish, and in some cases, nearly disappear. Besides its direct impact on scars, Rejuran S also improves overall skin texture, hydration, and elasticity. The procedure, though invasive, is relatively painless, with minimal downtime. This, combined with its efficacy, has solidified its position as a sought-after acne scar treatment in Singapore. With numerous dermatological clinics now offering this treatment, it has become a beacon of hope for many battling stubborn scars.

Fractional CO2 Laser 

Lasers, once the stuff of science fiction, are now at the forefront of skincare. Among them, the Fractional CO2 Laser stands out, especially in Singapore’s dermatological landscape. This procedure is distinct, targeting only fractions of the skin at a time, thereby reducing recovery time and potential side effects. During treatment, the laser emits a matrix of light points that penetrate the skin’s surface. 

These micro-injuries, while sounding intimidating, serve a purpose. They instigate the skin’s natural healing process, leading to increased collagen production. As new skin forms, it replaces the damaged, scarred tissue, rendering the scars less noticeable or even invisible. The precision of the Fractional CO2 Laser ensures scars are targeted while surrounding healthy skin remains unaffected. This accuracy results in quicker recovery and fewer complications. As with any laser treatment, post-procedure care is crucial. Sun protection and moisturizing are paramount to ensure optimal results. Given its effectiveness, it’s no surprise that this laser treatment has become synonymous with top-tier acne scar removal in Singapore.

Pico Laser

Pico Laser removes acne scars by targeting the deeper layers of the skin. The laser energy breaks down scar tissues and triggers the natural production of collagen and elastic to resurface the skin.

Pico Laser is effective at treating various types of atrophic scars due to its ability to break down pigmentation and strengthen skin. It works great for treating different scar types all at once. Pico laser can be used to treat both atrophic and hypertrophic scars, and it is a safe and effective treatment option for all skin types.

Dermal Fillers 

Dermal fillers have revolutionized the cosmetic world, offering instant results without the commitment of surgery. In the context of acne scars, especially the atrophic ones that leave depressions in the skin, fillers have proven to be game-changers. The principle is straightforward: by introducing a gel-like substance beneath the skin, these fillers elevate the scarred tissue, aligning it with the skin’s natural surface. The immediate visual transformation that fillers offer makes them incredibly appealing. Depending on the chosen filler, results can last anywhere from six months to two years. 

In Singapore, a hub of aesthetic medicine, a variety of fillers, from hyaluronic acid to poly-L-lactic acid, are available. However, fillers are not a permanent solution. They require touch-ups as their effects wane over time. But for many, this is an advantage. It allows flexibility, letting individuals choose whether to continue, switch, or stop treatments. Side effects are minimal, often limited to temporary redness or swelling. As a non-surgical method offering almost instantaneous results, dermal fillers have firmly cemented their position in the realm of acne scar treatment in Singapore.

Conclusion 

The journey from scarred to scar-free, while challenging, is navigable. It demands understanding, patience, and action. Recognizing the scar type, choosing the right treatment, and setting realistic expectations are pillars of this journey. With advances in dermatology and the city’s commitment to healthcare excellence, acne scar treatment in Singapore stands out as a beacon for many, illuminating their path to clearer, smoother skin.

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